what is a network switch

Everything You Need to Know About Network Switches

As more devices connect to our homes, managing internet traffic becomes crucial. We’re no longer simply connecting a computer or two. Today, our TVs, phones, game consoles, and even fridges want a piece of the internet pie. Amidst this digital hustle, many internet users invest in a network switch. But what exactly is a network switch?  

Suppose your home internet is a bustling highway of data. In that case, a network switch is the traffic officer, efficiently directing this data to where it needs to go. Just like a well-managed highway makes for seamless travel, a network switch ensures a swift online experience in your home.  

A network switch is your secret weapon in ensuring every device gets its fair share of the internet without causing gridlock on your home network highway. Learn everything you need to know about them below. 

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The Basics: What is a Network Switch?

A network switch is a computer networking device connecting devices on a network. It uses packet switching to receive, process, and forward data to the correct destination.  

You can think of a switch like a traffic director for data in a network. Computers, printers, and servers send data to the switch, which then sends that data to the specific device for which the data is intended. This keeps all the information organized and going in the right direction.  

In terms of size and appearance, network switches vary. Generally, they are box-shaped devices that range from the size of a small paperback book to a larger shoebox, depending on the number of ports they have. On the front side, they have several Ethernet ports, usually 4, 8, 16, 24, or 48, into which you can plug Ethernet cables. Often, a few lights next to each port flash to show network activity. 

what is a network switch

Understanding the Uses of Network Switches

Network switches have multiple vital functions in a Local Area Network (LAN):  

  • Device Connection: At their core, network switches are the hub that connects all devices within a LAN. This includes computers, printers, game consoles, servers, and more, facilitating their communication with each other.  
  • Traffic Management: Not only do switches connect devices, but they also proficiently manage data traffic between them. This critical function helps avoid data collisions and ensures data reaches the correct destination.  
  • Network Expansion: Network switches are also invaluable for network expansion. Because they can intelligently manage traffic and direct data where it needs to go, they can help your local network to operate efficiently even as you add more devices.  
  • Network Segmentation: Segmentation is often used in larger networks (businesses or organizations) to split the network into separate smaller networks (or subnetworks), which can communicate with each other but maintain some level of independence. Segmentation can improve network performance by reducing the traffic each segment has to handle. It also enhances security as issues in one segment can be contained and won’t necessarily affect the others.  
  • Guest Network: A type of network segmentation commonly used in home networks. It’s a separate network provided for visitors to your home so that they can use the internet without gaining access to your main network where your private data and devices are connected. This also adds an extra layer of security to your network. 

Reaping the Benefits of Network Switches

Each feature comes with a set of benefits. Implementing network switches offers these advantages:  

  • Efficiency Boost: Switches direct data precisely to where it needs to go, which cuts down unnecessary traffic and dramatically improves network performance.  
  • Speed Increase: Thanks to their competent management and routing of data, network switches can enhance the speed of data transfer within a network.  
  • Greater Control: With switches, you gain more control over network access, enhancing the security of your network.  
  • Scalability: As your network grows, adding switches makes scaling up your network a breeze. This is particularly useful when more devices need connecting. 

So, who gets the most value out of network switches? They are versatile and beneficial to a wide array of users.  

Firstly, switches are a boon for larger businesses and organizations that need many computers or devices to communicate. Additionally, schools and universities often have numerous computers that need networking for classrooms or computer labs, making switches a must-have. Switches are also indispensable in data centers with many interdependent servers.  

Even for home users with a number of devices, such as computers, smart TVs, game consoles, and smart home devices, a switch can effectively manage your home network.   

For example, gamers appreciate network switches because they facilitate lag-free wired connections critical for real-time gaming. They also support the connection of multiple gaming devices and can prioritize gaming traffic for smoother gameplay. Plus, for those hosting LAN parties, a network switch connects numerous devices for multiplayer gaming. 

what is a network switch

Choosing the Right Network Switch for Your Home

The optimal network switch for you depends on your specific needs. The key is to assess your network requirements and then choose a switch that meets those needs.  

When choosing the right network switch, there are several factors you should consider:

  • Number of ports 
  • Speed 
  • Managed vs. Unmanaged 
  • Power over Ethernet (PoE) 
  • Brand & realiability

Read more about each of these factors below: 

Number of Ports

One of the main differences between switches is the number of ports. Standard options include 5, 8, 16, 24, and 48 ports. You’ll want to choose a switch with enough ports for all the devices you want to connect and a few extras for future expansion.  


Most modern switches support Gigabit Ethernet (1000 Mbps) on each port, which is suitable for most home and small business networks. However, if you have a very high-speed internet connection or you’re transferring a lot of data between devices on your network, you’ll want to consider a switch that supports even higher speeds 

Managed vs. Unmanaged

Unmanaged switches are more straightforward and cheaper. They work out of the box without any configuration, making them a good choice for most home networks. Managed switches offer more advanced features, such as creating virtual LANs (VLANs) and prioritizing certain types of traffic (Quality of Service). These features can be helpful in larger businesses or more complex networks. Still, they also make the switch more expensive and complicated to set up.  

Power Over Ethernet (PoE)

PoE is a technology that allows network cables to carry data as well as electrical power. Normally, a device (like a camera or a phone) would need two connections: a network connection and a power connection. However, with PoE, you can use a single Ethernet cable to provide both data connection and electric power to devices. This is particularly useful for devices like IP security cameras or VoIP phones that you want to install in places where it’s inconvenient to have a separate power supply. 

PoE switches are generally more expensive. If you don’t have any devices that need PoE, you won’t need it. 

Brand and Reliability

You’ll want to choose a switch from a reputable brand known for its reliability. Look for online reviews and select a switch with a good track record, such as Cisco, NETGEAR, and TP-Link. 

what is a network switch

Network Switch vs Modems & Routers

How do network switches compare to other devices, such as routers and modems? To keep it simple, let’s think of these devices – modems, routers, and switches – as different team members that work together to get you online and connect your devices.  

Sometimes, two or even all three functions are combined into a single device. For example, many home routers also have a built-in switch (the Ethernet ports on the back) and sometimes even a built-in modem. But in larger networks, you’ll often see these as separate devices, each doing their part of the job.  


Modem is the first member of the team. Its job is to connect you to the internet. It turns the signal from your internet service provider into a digital signal. Consider it the bridge between your home network and the wider internet.  


The router’s job is to route data to where it needs to go. When your computer sends a request over the internet (like when you click a link on a webpage), the router sends that request to the internet via the modem. Then, it makes sure the response gets back to your computer. Routers also usually have a built-in firewall to help protect your network from online threats.  

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Now You Know What a Network Switch is!

So, there you have it; everything you need to know about network switches. They’re the unsung heroes of home networks, making sure your devices talk to each other efficiently and quickly. Whether gaming, streaming, or just surfing the web, a network switch can help improve your internet experience.  

Contact your internet service provider if you need help determining whether your home network needs a switch. They should be able to advise you based on your online activities and priorities.